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Readings of seismic sounding that indicate reflected waves of the inner Earth core reflect properties
of molten iron not correct. The core should consist of super-heavy elements which density exceeds the
density of iron is more than five times. Thus, fission of heavy elements on the surface of the planet on
more simple particles would increase the volume of the rock in more than ten times.
It shall be recognized that only available type of sounding of the Earth is seismic that does not give
full and clear picture structure of our planet. The massif exposed to considerable gravitational pressure and
the ambient of very high gravitation reflects seismic waves is completely uncertain and typical only for a
definite ambient. This suggests that electromagnetic and acoustic waves change their properties in the
ambient where the influence of gravitation density is at different extents. New sounding method by
neutrino flows is more promising and accurate. The answer to many questions may be given by
investigated by neutrino flow coming from the Earth core studied by neutrino Geophysics.
The process of the Earth expansion may be exhibited by the following scheme.
From the Earth core zones of higher pressures and temperatures towards zones of lower pressures
and temperatures stable and unstable atoms (ions) of heavy elements are constantly diffusing. Along the
whole the way to their movement unstable atoms are exposed to fission originating light atoms. In the layer
of outer core they capture electrons transferring to decent ions and move into the Earth crust. On the
boundaries between upper and lower mantle they form chemical compounds. The latter in the state of
molten liquid formed during decompression of mantle matter in faults of the crust saturated with mixture
of subsoil or in gas state are brought through fermented rocks to the upper layer. This layer due to its
physical conditions where the pressure is low is the perfect place to drop from the juice of solid matters
and condensate in the area of low (below boiling point) temperature of volatile fractions of the substance.
The area of low mantle, in fact, is the area of synthesis of chemical compounds.
At depths of 300-700km state of a matter (temperature and pressure) facilitate its crystallization and
formation of extended structures of high strength characteristics. Indirect evidence for this is the absence
of earthquakes at depths over 700km.
EM. Rudich based on study of more than 500 wells in waters of the World Ocean shown that during
the last 160 million years volume of water increased by 580.106km3 which is 42.3% of the present volume.
This is the result of formation and dropping in one form or another from the core.
3.4. Formation of Continents in view of Gravitation Dynamics
The below is described formation of continents based on the derived data.
In the very beginning the planet diameter was much smaller than presently. The surface was almost
flat without the elevations or excavations. Over time with cooling gravitation field tension was decreasing.
It was accompanied by an increase in gravitational-compressed volume of the planet thus leading to
numerous natural disasters on the Earth surface.[25,31] On the surface of the planet elevations, volcanoes
and numerous deep cracks take place. With the further expansion tectonic faults occurred in the crust
shaping present continents to a depth of several tens kilometers.
It is known gravitation impacts perpendicularly towards the surface of the planet. Therefore its
tension was decreased within the applied plane at considerable depth, and this did not facilitate horizontal
extension of the planet surface. However at depth of several tens kilometers rocks were expanded
horizontally. In effect the planet surface with extension tears like paper.
It is known that under the influence of high pressure crystal grid of subsoil is changed. In V.A.
Magnitsky opinion ionic type of chemical bonds dominant in the upper layers. In the lower layers atomic
or covalent (for example, diamonds) when all atoms are bound by atomic bond.
Gravitational pressure in the rocks was formed only in deep layers and highly differs from
mechanical internal pressure at the level of atoms. As stated in paper Nature of gravitation and its influence
gravitation effects the core of the atom  Therefore high gravitation influences on intra-atomic forces
pressing the atom core to the electron shell flattening it. Atoms got ellipsoidal shape thus compressing and
decreasing the volume of the planetary material. This mechanism of gravitational compression easy
corresponds to the assumption on black hole when high gravitation flow blows away e-shell of atoms.
Straightening flattened atoms under this theory leads to production of energy required to expand our
planet. The produced energy is considered as differential energy with gravitational potential for a small and
big Earth. Such distribution of intra-atomic space increases density of the mantle and the outer core of the
Continued expansion of the planet has led to the formation of faults. They filled with water flowed
from surface and released from deep rocks forming oceans and seas. Rotational motion of the Earth made
to balance its divided surface to keep the general equilibrium. As a result future continents started their
drifting along spherical surface of the planet. Newly formed gaps were filled patchy by water and occupied
the present areas of oceans and seas.
3.5. Continental General Equilibrium
Taking into account above facts and studying more thoroughly this theory from the gravitation
dynamics point of view it may be safely assumed that the drifting of continents is sequential of gravitational
expansion of the planet.
Billion years ago the planet was a single continent, Pangaea, spread all over the Earth surface. Those
times compressed under tremendous pressure of gravitation our planet represented spherical body of a
diameter in two times less than the present. Tectonic faults with expansion were opening to a certain
depths then filled with horizontally expanding underlying rock. Gaps formed between the continents and
large islands are constantly increasing as the diameter of the planet is constantly growing. [21,22]
Verification of the movement of continents only by convection flows occurred in the mantle is not
logical, because it would lead merely to vertical movement of the planet surface. In this case Pangaea
wouldn’t from on one side of the planet, while the other be filled with water thus destroying general
Another evidence that can be represented to prove the presence of general world equilibrium on our
planet is mountain Chimborazo located on the territory of Ecuador higher Everest by 2,200 meters. It the
main reason for that the Earth is not a perfect sphere. It “rises” in the middle, so in measuring the
mountain height from the sea level does there are not true values. “Rising” of the Earth in the middle over
the whole circle does exist and is deemed as a result of forces that occur during its rotation. Therefore, if to
measure the height of the mountains from the center of the planet Chimborazo is found higher than
Everest by 2,200 meters. But if to measure from the sea level Everest on 2540 meters higher than
Chimborazo. According to the above statement height of Chimborazo defined from the center of the
Earth is of 6 384 450 meters and Everest is 6 382 350 meters. To keep general equilibrium that part of the
planet, where North and South America, Africa and Australia are balancing with heavy Eurasia is
complemented by fids of ocean water.
IV. Gravitation Abnormalities that Initiate Seismic Events
In reasoning my ideas and assumptions I do try to reach distant galaxy but give common cases of natural occurrence
4.1. The Earth Constitution
The Earth has been studied only by seismic waves coming from earthquakes and artificial explosions
running through the Earth in all directions like shining through it. The core of the Earth first is Seismology
was discovered in 1906, and Gutenberg in 1914 was able to determine the depth of its occurrence
(2885km). The boundary of the outer core is characterized by rapid decrease of speed of longitudinal
seismic waves from 13.6 km/s to 8.1 km/s. Transverse seismic wave does not pass through outer core
which means that it is liquid. Solid inner core was discovered by Lehmann (Denmark) in 1936. She
exhibited that the core is occurred at the depth of about 5000km.
The boundary between the Earth crust and the mantel is known as the Mohorovicic discontinuity
(the Moho discontinuity) named after its discoverer Andrey Mohorovicic, Yugoslavia geologist (1857-
1936.) Mohorovicic in 1909 found rapid increase of seismic waves speed at the depth of about 35km. This
discontinuity had since been deemed that boundary of the Earth crust.
In the ocean it is close to the earth surface occurred at depth 10-15km and mountain areas goes
deeper to 50-80km .
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